Lacrima

      Stați liniștiți, asta nu este un post emo sau lacrimogen!

       Poate sună clișeic, dar mereu am interesat de fenomenul biologic numit plâns. De ce ne ies acele lacrimi din ochi când simțim sentimente puternice? Am căuta puțin pe net și uitați ce am găsit.

    O să încep cu o părere de un forum al lui stopdemadness2003 și anume:  „It is called venting. Tears are natures way of letting it all aut”. Din punct de vedere simbolic și expresiv mi se pare o părere foarte realistă. Noi plângem ca să ne eliberăm de sentimente puternice, precum facem când înjurăm sau trântim, da mai bine plângem decât să cauzăm daune fizice și morale.

  Acum să trecem la o părere profesionistă, culeasă de pe același forum :

  „Randy Cornelius, Ph.D., a psychology professor at Vassar College, is one of only a few dozen scientists in the world who study tears. The dearth of researchers may be due to the thorniness of even the simplest questions about crying. For instance: Why do women cry more than men?

   “We’re not sure,” says Dr. Cornelius, who despite his sorrowful specialty is quite cheery. “There’s been speculation it has to do with the way male and female brains are put together. But that hasn’t panned out yet.” He points out that up until children start school, boys and girls cry at equal rates, which suggests a societal root: Parents let girls sniffle but crack down on crybaby boys as they grow. The discrepancy could be an evolutionary adaptation, though. Crying, Dr. Cornelius says, is how we signal to other humans that we’re vulnerable and in need. Women are good at vulnerability; we share our emotions as a sign of trust, and that trust helps us survive. But a male Survivor contestant who bursts into tears might as well tattoo “Vote Me Off” on his chest.

    One substance being studied in connection with crying is the hormone prolactin, levels of which increase in women during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and breastfeeding, as well as when they’re under stress. Women average up to 60 percent more prolactin in our bodies than men. William Frey, Ph.D., biochemist and author of Crying: The Mystery of Tears, theorizes that prolactin lowers women’s emotional bar by stimulating the endocrine system, which makes them more prone to tears.

   And women do cry more — on average, 64 times a year, compared with 17 times for men. Women cry when they’re sad or frustrated or angry, whereas men cry at major losses, like death; when they get frustrated, they just get mad. Ask a man the last time he cried in front of someone else and chances are he’ll have a hard time remembering. A woman won’t.”

 De pe același forum am preluat un mic rezumat al paginii de wikipedia dedicată lacrimilor. Un rezumat ce prezintă și partea biologică și partea psihologică

   “Crying or weeping (psychic tears): The third category, generally referred to as crying or weeping, is increased lacrimation due to strong emotional stress, depression or physical pain. This practice is not restricted to negative emotions; many people have been known to cry when extremely happy or when they are laughing. In humans, emotional tears can be accompanied by reddening of the face and sobbing — cough-like, convulsive breathing, sometimes involving spasms of the whole upper body. Tears brought about by emotions have a different chemical make up than those for lubrication. The limbic system is involved in production of basic emotional drives, such as anger, fear, etc. The limbic system, specifically the hypothalamus, also has a degree of control over the autonomic system. The parasympathetic branch of the autonomic system controls the lacrimal glands via the neurotransmitter acetylcholine through both the nicotinic and muscarinic receptors. When these receptors are activated that the lacrimal gland is stimulated to produce tears.[

  Most mammals will produce tears in response to extreme pain or other stimuli, but crying as an emotional reaction is considered by many to be a uniquely human phenomenon, possibly due to humans’ advanced self-awareness. Some studies suggest that elephants and gorillas may cry as well.[5]

   In nearly all cultures, crying is seen as a specific act associated with tears trickling down the cheeks and accompanied by characteristic sobbing sounds. Emotional triggers are most often anger and grief, but crying can also be triggered by sadness, joy, fear, laughter or humor, frustration, or other strongly-experienced emotions.

   In many cultures, crying is associated with babies and children. Some cultures consider crying to be undignified and infantile, casting aspersions on those who cry publicly, except if it is due to the death of a close friend or relative. In most cultures, it is more socially acceptable for women to cry than men.

  Some modern therapy movements such as Re-evaluation Counseling believe that crying is beneficial to health and mental wellbeing, and positively encourage it.[6]

An insincere display of grief or dishonest remorse is called crocodile tears, from the ancient anecdote that crocodiles would pretend to weep while luring or devouring their prey.[7]”

  Ne tot întrebăm de ce femeile au tendința de a plânge mai des.  Răspunsul este mereu cam același, femeile sunt mai emotive. Dar de ce?

 “Women, conversely, may cry more easily not simply because they release more prolactin, but because conventionally, their society accepts their crying. When people cry, especially women, they may be viewed as “emotional” as though this is a negative characteristic. On the other hand, most therapists will point out that crying is likely to be a great way to release an emotional response and restore the mind to a quieter place. The man who bottles his emotions may ultimately be more negatively emotional than the woman who lets her emotions out in the release of crying”.

    Sper că am însumat destule informații, care mie mi s-au părut destul de utile.  Închei  cu un fapt ce mi se pare puțin ciudat în legătură cu lacrimile de ce plângem uneori  și când suntem fericiți?  Ar trebui să râdem!

 p. s  cine nu știe engleză..asta e!

http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20071019070758AAUmipD

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tears

http://www.wisegeek.com/why-do-people-cry.htm

http://files.myopera.com/vinniecfp/blog/1763426-2-one-single-tear.jpg

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